What is a Panic Disorder?

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Panic disorder is basically an anxiety disorder that is caused by frequent panic and fear attacks. Panic attacks are mostly caused by fear-producing thoughts or events, such as driving or taking an elevator but they can also occur without any reason. People suffering from the disorder have terror feelings that strike repeatedly and suddenly without warning. It is impossible to predict when the next attack will happen, and that is why many people get intense anxiety between incidents, worrying when another attack will occur. There is a lingering and persistent worry between attacks that another one may occur any time.

Panic attacks are characterized by sweating, dizziness, fainting, pounding heart and a feeling of weakness. The person’s hands may feel numb or tingle, the individual may also feel chilled or flushed. There can be a sense of unreality, loss of control, a fear of impending doom or chest pain. According to Johnna Medina from PsychCentral, the individual may believe they are getting a stroke or heart attack, on the verge of death, or losing their mind. Attacks may also occur during sleep, this type of panic attack has been found to occur in more than a third of people with these disorder in the U.S. Some of these attacks can go for even 10 minutes but most of them average for a shorter period.

Panic disorder strikes 4 million Americans on average, at any age in both sexes. Panic attacks do not necessarily lead to panic disorder – for instance, most people experience only one attack in their lifetime. It is therefore important that you seek treatment incase you experience a panic attack. Half of the panic disorder victims in Europe and U.S. have experienced both unexpected and expected panic attacks. The decision by clinicians in determining whether their client’s panic attack will lead to panic disorder is based on the intense of that panic attack.

How to Recognize Panic Disorders: Signs and Symptoms to Look for

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A large number of people have panic attacks but they do not have further complications or episodes. If you have suffered from a single panic attack or two, there may not be any reason to worry. But there are people who go on to get panic disorders.

If you suffer from unexpected and regular panic attacks that are not related to a particular situation, you may have a panic disorder. Those who tend to suffer from anxiety about future attacks are also likely to be suffering from the disorder. Patients with panic disorders also behave differently because of the attacks. Individuals may avoid certain places if they have had an attack there.

A panic attack is usually limited to a few minutes but the results of the experience may have long term effects on an individual. Repeated panic attacks can have a significant emotional impact. An individual may recall the terror and fear they experienced when they were having an attack and this can affect their self-confidence. The attacks can also interfere with your day-to-day activities.

There are two main symptoms that you should look out for when it comes to this disorder. The first symptom is anticipatory anxiety. If you never experience a feeling of relaxation between the panic attacks and you are always tense and anxious, this is a sign that you suffer from this disorder. This persistent fear can be quite disabling. Another sign is phobia avoidance. You need to determine if you stay away from particular environments and situations because you associate them with past panic attacks.

It is important to note that a panic disorder can only be diagnosed by a licensed mental health professional. Research evidence reveals that patients may consult several medical professionals before they get a proper diagnosis. Only a small number of people who suffer from panic disorders receive appropriate treatment because the condition is not diagnosed. This makes it essential to know exactly what to look for if you suspect that you suffer from this disorder.

Consult a mental health specialist if you identify these signs and symptoms. Diagnosis plays a very important role when it comes to treatment. Without a proper diagnosis, you will not be able to get the right treatment. Effective treatment options are designed to address the root cause of your condition as opposed to only dealing with the signs and symptoms. This condition is treatable once a diagnosis is made.

Panic Disorders: Effective Ways to Deal with your Condition

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Panic disorders develop when panic attacks go untreated. These disorders are characterized by frequent panic attacks. They can also lead to significant behavior changes and constant anxiety because you are always worried about having another attack. The good news is that panic disorders can be treated. You can either choose self-help approaches or seek professional assistance.


Medication can help to reduce symptoms related to these disorders and even control them. It is important to note that medication is usually effective when you also use other treatments that will help to deal with the underlying causes. Some of the most common medications include benzodiazepines and antidepressants.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

One of the most popular treatment options is cognitive behavioral therapy. This treatment focuses on altering specific behaviors and thinking patterns that either trigger or sustain panic attacks. With this form of therapy, you explore your fears realistically. Cognitive behavior therapy helps you realize that you can have some degree of control over your panic attacks. You will learn how to identify the initial feelings and thoughts that usually develop into a panic attack and modify your responses.

Exposure Therapy

This form of therapy exposes you to the specific physical sensations you experience during a panic attack in controlled and safe settings. Exposure therapy teaches you healthy ways of coping. Every exposure helps you to become less fearful of the bodily sensations and have greater control over panic attacks. You learn that the situation is not dangerous and it is possible to control your emotions.

Self-Help Approaches

Medication and therapy are helpful if you suffer from panic disorders but there are various things that you can also do to make the treatment more effective. One of the first things you should do is learn about the disorder. This can make a significant difference when it comes to relieving distress. When you explore the disorder, you learn about the different feelings and sensations that individuals experience when they suffer from panic and how you can respond to them.

If you take coffee or smoke, you need to quit because they can provoke panic attacks. Avoid stimulants even in medication if you are prone to panic attacks because they can worsen your situation.

You also need to learn about breathing control. Find out how deep breathing can relieve your panic symptoms. Relaxation techniques including meditation and yoga can also be quite effective when it comes to panic disorder treatment.

It may be necessary to experiment with different treatment approaches until you find something that really works.

What is anxiety

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Everyone has experienced a sense of anxiety numerous times in their lives. It ways of the mind letting one know that there is something needs to be done about a certain situation. Worrying about one’s health, money issues, how to solve family problems, school or work is some of the anxieties millions of people every single day. It has a useful purpose in your body at least motivating you to do something about it at the shortest time possible.

What exactly is anxiety?

This is the general state of worry before facing a generally challenging situation or worry about a particular person. It is the normal reaction and fear that grips a person because of the lack of fore knowledge about the outcome of a particular situation that can be life changing. Needless to say there are particular circumstances that some people tend to have anxiety attacks that have no real purpose or meaning.

So when does anxiety become a problem?

Well simply put this is fear that is on unfounded grounds that affects an individual’s ability to do every day normal functions like sleeping , eating and grooming hence affecting the quality of life they lead. This fear is usually unrealistic and most sufferers expect the worst outcome in every situation every at any given time that is over whelming. This leads to one leading a rather tense unhealthy lifestyle.

The cause of it can be due to side effect of certain prescription medicine, caffeine, an overactive thyroid, illegal drugs, high adrenaline levels caused by certain tumors and unusual heart palpitation. Needless to say that sometimes this can be caused by different unique personalities of a person sometimes related to past experiences of a person. However though anxiety can be a good thing in certain circumstance, if you or someone you know experiences intense debilitating worry maybe it’s time to get professional medical assistance.

Anxiety attacks: what you need to know about it

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What is an anxiety attack?

These are episodes that are experienced by people and usually involve panic or fear. The attacks usually occur suddenly, but at times there are triggers which may cause it such as being stuck in an elevator.

Types of anxiety attacks

1. Panic attack

Individuals who have this condition usually emulate feelings of fear or terror and they occur suddenly and repeatedly without any warning.

2. Social anxiety attack

It is also referred to as social phobia and it involves overwhelming worry and self consciousness especially in everyday social situations. The fear usually centers on an individual having the fear of being judged by other people.

3. General anxiety attacks

People who have this disorder usually experience excessive and unrealistic worry even though there is little or nothing that triggers the event.

4. Specific phobia

This is an intense fear of a specific item or situation for example snakes, heights or flying. For people who have this type of phobia, they usually try to avoid common and everyday situations.

5. Post traumatic stress disorder

PTSD usually occurs when an individual has undergone an extreme traumatic event or life threatening event. For those who experience PSTD, they usually don’t let up.

The signs of anxiety attacks

  1. People experience feelings of panic or fear or uneasiness. These feelings usually occur randomly or they may be triggered by a situation.
  2. Sleeping problems – the signs of anxiety attacks usually cause people to have sleepless nights especially if their phobia regards scary situations or scary objects of the night.
  3. Sweaty or cold hands and feet.
  4. Shortness of breath
  5. Increase in heart rate.
  6. Inability to be calm or still
  7. Dry mouth
  8. Tingling or numbness on the hands and feet.
  9. Feelings of nausea
  10. Tension in the muscles.
  11. Dizziness.
  12. Flashbacks
  13. Nightmares especially for those who are experiencing post traumatic stress.
  14. Hyper vigilance.

Simple Tips To Manage and Overcome An Anxiety Attack

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An anxiety attack can strike anytime and can be very troublesome making you feel pressurized, stress and physically uncomfortable. In order to manage and control an anxiety attack, it is extremely significant to practice some simple yet very effective techniques.

Some of the methods listed below can help you control the symptoms of an anxiety attack and overcome the same.

Breathe Deep
Breathing deeply provide oxygen to the brain and will help in reducing the anxiety and stress that you experience during such an attack. Inhale deeply and then release the breath gradually. Try to take long and slow breaths donating about seven to eight seconds to each breath cycle. Practicing deep breathing for a few minutes will relax your muscles as well as it will provide you a calmer mind and clear thought process.

Take a Walk or Exercise
During a panic attack, the most simple activities such as a walk somewhere you feel relaxed helps to reduce your anxiety. Take a little walk in fresh air to feel rejuvenated and positive again. Also, light exercises of aerobic nature calm down your body.

Practice Cognitive Diversion Techniques
Practice some mental diversion techniques in order to distract your mind from the subject of your anxiety. For instance, you can do reverse counting, recite a poem or memorize some events in their ascending order of years.

Practice Muscle Relaxation
Inducing gradual tension and relaxation to the muscle groups throughout your body reduces your anxiety. It not only diverts your concentration away from the subject, but also relaxes your muscles. Work your way down to all the body muscles starting from the face. Tense the muscles and release them for a few seconds.

Stop and Think
Try to stop your thoughts when they seem to be completely out of control. Channelize them towards thinking the solution to calm down your mind and body.

Engage Yourself in Something
It is extremely hard to get over an anxiety attack if you keep sitting and thinking, rather it will only maximize your panic. Instead, engage yourself in some other task such as talking to a friend, cleaning the house or anything that can keep you busy. You can also practice some hobby of yours such as listening to music or drawing a picture.

Broaden Your Vision
Try to broaden the your field of vision to a point where you are able to view from the outside corners of your eyes. This calms down the body by activating the parasympathetic nervous system.

Write Down your Feelings
During a panic attack, you can write your feelings in a diary including the reason for your anxiety and fears. This lets you focus your thoughts as well as helps you handle the situation in a better manner by reading over your thoughts.

Instead of waiting for an anxiety attack to occur, you can practice the aforesaid techniques on a regular basis as this will reduce the level of your anxiety and stress on a whole. Also, these will make you more confident of a person as you would be well aware of how to manage an anxiety attack whenever it hits you.

Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety

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Children and the senior citizens suffer more when they are faced with a gross situation as compared to the average adult person. An adult has more strength to cope with most of the anxiety problems. Some of the common signs and symptoms of anxiety include sweating, trembling, dizziness, nausea, sudden serious fear, palpitations and shortness of breath. The paper briefly looks at the signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder in children, adults and the senior citizens.

Children undergo different anxiety disorders, of course, at different age levels. Children aged six and lower undergo PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), normally diagnosed a month after they undergo bad experiences. The disorder can be identified by nightmares, flashbacks, and recollection of the events. The children undergoing PTSD avoid people, activities and places that remind them of the scenario. A child can also undergo a General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) where the child worries too much about things like relationships with peers, family issues, sports performance or grades. Other common childhood anxiety disorders include panic disorder and separation anxiety disorder.

When life and challenges becomes too much, an adult person experiences General anxiety disorder (GAD). The common psychological symptoms of anxiety in adult include a sense of dread, restlessness, irritability, difficulty in concentration and constantly feeling on edge. The physical GAD symptoms in an adult include tiredness, dry mouth, dizziness, stomach ache, shaking, tension, muscle aches, feeling sick, irregular heartbeats, excessive sweating and shortness of breath. An adult can easily determine the cause of anxiety if it is a phobia or panic disorder. It is a little difficult determining the cause of GAD.

Late life comes with lots of changes, increased isolations, the death of loved ones, retirement and medical challenges. These problems lead to depression, preventing an elderly person from enjoying life like they used to. The problem with anxiety at old age is that it goes beyond mood, affecting normal sleep, energy levels, physical health and appetite. Despite the number of challenges an aged person face, there are a number of ways to deal with anxiety at old age. Some of the signs and symptoms of anxiety at a prime age include fatigue, sadness, loss of weight, no appetite, lack of sleep, loss of self-worth, suicidal thoughts and increased use of drugs.

Correctional approaches to dealing with an anxiety disorder depend on the cause of the problem and the age group of the affected individual. The first step towards treating an anxiety disorder is to identify the cause of the problem. This way, the problem is dealt with once and for all, from the root cause. Anxiety can be treated through psychological counseling, medication or independently. Sometimes the treatments are used together to get better desired results. Some of the recommended ways to personally deal with anxiety include taking exercises, meditation, taking a good long bath, talk to other people to work out the situation.

Learn how to deal with anxiety

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Anxiety is an emotion that a person is likely to experience when one is stressed. It is a part of the flight response mechanism that prepares us to respond to any form of threat. It is normal to be anxious when coping with daily demands. However it is not right to constantly keep on worrying. In the event that you find yourself experiencing irrational and persistent anxiety on a daily basis, you should to familiarize yourself with some tips of dealing with anxiety; else this may affect how you function and your physical health. When you learn methods of dealing with anxiety, you are able to manage your anxiety well as well as ensuring that your life is better and stress free. Experts have estimated that at least 10% of the world’s population suffer from panic attack which is an anxiety disorder. As a result of this, it has become important that people get to understand anxiety and some tips they can use to manage anxiety.

Nature, causes and effects of anxiety.

Anxiety comes as a mental tension that expresses itself through; worrying, uneasiness, irritation and apprehension. The mental tension is as a result of results uncertainty about impending events in the future or inability to control the environment and state of affairs that a person may be in. Anxiety is different from fear since fear is only a mechanism of survival that promotes self-preservation, but anxiety, is only the warning signal of a persons increasing impotence to survive. Anxiety has a number of effects. They can be; physical, psycho-emotional and social. The physical effects of anxiety include; stomach upsets headaches, muscle cramps and heart palpitation. In terms of psycho-emotional disorders anxiety decreases performance and limits reasoning abilities, causes dulling imaginative thinking, general discouragement. Strained social relationships and retarded interpersonal development are the two main social effects of anxiety.

Tips of managing anxiety

when you are experiencing anxiety there are a number of tips that you can follow step by step to ensure that you are at a position of dealing with it fully and return your life to normal. The step number one to dealing with anxiety is by preparing and accepting that you may be struggling with anxiety, this leads you to addressing your anxiety early before it takes over. Secondly, learn all the physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety. If you experience any of them any consult your physician. Thirdly, be patient by avoiding being in an excited state, keep cool and just observe the thoughts and emotions as they unfold, identify and consider them just as, thoughts and emotions. The next step is to get involved in stress reduction activities to help manage it. You can also consider meditation and yoga to reduce stress and increasing the sense of well being. After you have done the above, the next step involves joining social activities by seeking the company of other people. By Connecting with our peers we are able to shift our focus away from our worries as well as problems to some interesting things that we share with our friends. The next step is learning how to be responsive instead of reactive. The fact that we can’t control all the events in our lives calls for the need for us to learn how to respond to them. Being reactive means being hostage to unwanted thoughts and emotions.

The last step of dealing with anxiety is going easy on the person that you are and getting professional help. Being hard to yourself will not reduce anxiety. This is only possible if you accept that you are complete human being who is prone to experiencing difficulties.


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Anxiety is basically a defensive mechanism. It is an alert response to situations considered to be threatening. It is a universal mechanism, occurs in everyone, it is normal, adaptive, improves the performance and capacity of anticipation and response. The function of anxiety is mobilizing the body and keep it alert and ready to intervene against the risks and threats, in a way that does not occur or harm. Anxiety, pushes us to take suitable measures (flee attack, neutralize, cope with, adapt, etc), depending on the case and the nature of the risk or danger. The danger comes managed already given by the obstruction of any projects or important desire for us or by degradation of status or achievements. Human beings want what has, and wants to preserve what has.

Anxiety, as well as other feelings (pleasure, exaltation, euphoria, ecstasy, sadness, anger, rage and calm), are fundamental to the life of the people; they regulate the interaction with others and offer an alarm system which, in the case of fear, serve to deal with situations of danger or risk. These emotions, as well as perception and action, are controlled by neural circuits in the brain. Two human emotions are very important in terms of the causes of anxiety: sexuality and aggression. However, in the description that people make of their distress, they can wield many reasons that bear no relation with aggressive or sexual desires. Many patients, for example, feel puzzled to the fact that the cause of the anxiety arises precisely when they are happier and have finally gotten the desired achievement. Others blame his state to the abandonment of a loved one, bad luck in business, solitude, an adverse environment or the failure of a project.

These obvious complaints are the unconscious traumatic situations of separation in the early stages of life, psychological development is incomplete, and the subject does not have sufficient elements to defend themselves from fear to lose their lives or be annihilated by alleged or real hazards. Each new situation of separation or neglect is now poorly supported; even an apparently banal everyday fact can be reason to trigger the State of distress and be the cause of anxiety. According to the behaviorist theory, anxiety is a response conditioned to an environmental stimulus; people affected by anxiety have their fears and they have learned by imitation, to respond anxiously. Imitation comes from similar responses from their parents, caregivers or important figures; Accordingly, the anxious responses are ratings that exceed the endangerment of the situations, and underestimate their own abilities to face these threats.

#1 Tip: Exercise frequently:- Regular physical exercise is one of the most powerful tools available to combat anxiety. The exercise also stimulates the production of neurochemical and burns the stress hormones and at the same time reduces the symptoms of anxiety. It is one of the most important things you can do to combat anxiety.
#2 Tip: Relearn breathing:- Most people don’t realize this, but anxiety can really change the way in which you breathe. Anxious people tend to make more rapid breaths, or take more oxygen than the need. This is called “hyperventilation”, and is responsible for many of the symptoms of anxiety attacks.
#3 Tip: Avoid being alone or follow a routine (not being alone too long):- Normally, when it comes to stress, some alone time can be very helpful and relaxing. But for those with anxiety daily, persistent or chronic relaxing alone with his thoughts in reality can be very damaging. Remember that anxiety has the potential to alter patterns of thought.
#4 Tip: Avoid falling into the crutches:- By crutches, it’s unhealthy behaviors that act as makeshift anxiety coping strategies. The crutches are essentially deal with the problem with unhealthy habits like drugs or drink in excess to temporarily forget the anxiety, what do not know is the next day when the problem of anxiety not just hungover again that it will be worse, so be very careful with parties.
#5 Tip: Practice relaxation exercises:-If ever has sought help for anxiety in the past, then surely has come through strategies such as visualization, deep breathing, progressive relaxation relaxation of muscles and others. Can you even have not achieved success.

What Do You Know About the Effects of A Beta Blocker Overdose?

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When it comes to discussing the effects of beta blocker overdose, there are a few crucial aspects that should be taken into consideration. A beta blocker overdose can affect several parts of the body, including lungs, heart, eyes, and nervous system. It can begin with mild symptoms, such as confusion, light-headedness, or low blood pressure and lead to life-threatening effects, like coma and heart failure. The symptoms of a seizure are an over-amplification of the effects this medication is believed to have.

Patients who are dealing with beta blocker overdose may experience trouble breathing or not be able to breathe at all. Asthma patients may also begin wheezing. Blurred or double vision is also a problem that can be linked to a beta blocker overdose.

Some individuals can experience heart failure or enter a shock during a beta blocker overdose. Others may experience light-headedness or have low blood pressure. Moreover, the heartbeat of an individual can become slow, rapid, or irregular due to an overdose of this high blood pressure medication.

A beta block overdose can also contribute to other problems, including nervousness, fever, confusion, or profuse sweating. Moreover, patients may suffer convulsions or feel weakness. An advanced or serious overdose can lead to coma.

With that being said, in the event of an overdose, it is important to call for emergency medication attention. When calling for assistance, it is crucial to know what drug was taken, how much of it was taken, and when it was taken. In addition to that, it is important to know whether the drug was prescribed by a practitioner to the person who overdosed. The caller must also try to have information about the patient’s age, weight, and physical condition.

In order to prevent an overdose, beta blockers must be taken strictly as prescribed. Make sure that right amount is taken if it is taken at the same time every day.